What are Addressable Fire Alarms?

07.13.2022

Addressable Fire Detection Systems:

Addressable fire alarms are a new technology in the world of fire safety. They are similar to conventional fire alarms, but they have some unique features. These key features make addressable systems more effective at providing an early warning of a fire. If you don’t know what addressable fire alarms are, or if you want to learn more about how they work and why you should use them in your home or business, read on.

addressable fire alarm systems

How Does an Addressable Fire Alarm System Work?

An addressable fire alarm system makes use of a loop configuration which contains all the fire alarm devices such as sounders and beacons/VAD.

A loop wired system, compared to that of a more extensive conventional system, uses less cable. On an addressable system, each device utilises a system-wide protocol. This protocol is a language the fire alarm panel uses to “talk” to each fire alarm device. Each of the devices has its own unique number/code that the panel allocates. This is known as the device address.

The ‘commission engineer’ will log the device, the address and the device’s real-world location into the fire alarm panel system. An addressable fire alarms are designed to continually communicate with the devices on the system and it enables the fire alarm panel to identify the exact device in an alarm condition. This, therefore, means that reporting a fire’s location, system faults and false alarms only takes a matter of seconds.

Benefits of an Addressable Fire Alarm System

The main benefits of an addressable fire alarm system include:

  • Identification of exact locations of fires, open/closed circuit faults and false alarms.
  • Large fire alarm system capacity.
  • Installation can be cheaper than a conventional system.
  • Suitable for any size project.
  • More system capabilities.
addressable fire alarm systems

Businesses That Require Addressable Fire Alarms

Addressable fire alarms are much more complex and best suited to businesses that span across a large area. This is due to their ability to pinpoint the exact activated device during a trigger instead of just identifying a zone.

There aren’t actually any laws that require you to have addressable fire alarm systems but due to the limitations of conventional ones, larger businesses may have no choice if the conventional system cannot meet their needs.

Conventional systems don’t usually support more than 30 devices which may include smoke detectors and manual push points. This in turn means that addressable fire alarm systems are the only option for large premises. These can include:

  • Warehouses
  • Schools
  • Multi-storey office buildings
  • Care homes

Addressable Alarm Manufacturers that we Supply

Honeywell Gent:

The combination of powerful control panel software along with Honeywell Gent’s market-leading range of intelligent devices adds to the strength of the Vigilon and Nano. All the devices are powered by the loop which results in a flexible, streamlined system in any sort of building. As the model only require just a single two-core cable to connect the loop and with every device including an integral short circuit isolator, the cost of installation is reduced and the system integrity increased.

Apollo:

A range of addressable systems including the XP95, the Discovery, the Soteria, the Soteria Dimension, the XP95A, the Discovery UL and the Soteria UL. Apollo offers both EN-approved and UL-approved systems for all three model variants.

CTEC:

As a result of a multi-million-pound investment project, CTEC was able to design the UK-manufactured ‘distributed intelligence’ addressable fire detection and alarm system, CAST. the CAST communication protocol has greatly strengthened the XFP and ZFP addressable fire panels sold by Apollo.

Kentec:

Kentec offers a wide range of analogue-addressable fire alarm systems such as the Takis and Syncro range as well as various offer devices to ensure the effortless installation and use of their products.

Conclusion

If you want to save time when detecting a fire and help prevent costly activities then the addressable fire alarm unit is certainly superior. A further benefit of the addressable fire alarm system is that it is cheaper and easier to install. However, in terms of the overall buying price of the system, the conventional system comes out on top, as well as meeting the functional needs of small premises where a sophisticated system it not necessary.

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